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Fixed Link Tallinn-Helsinki: the twin-city review and discussions

At the beginning of April, a Twin City Event was held in Helsinki and Tallinn, hosted and organized by Ilkka Vähäaho. He brought together key public officials from Helsinki with their relevant counterparts on the Estonian side, to host talks about a planned fixed link project that could in the future be connecting the two cities that are now separated by the Baltic Sea.

Growth of mobility between the two cities has been very strong. Today the passenger ferry line is the number one in Europe in terms of passenger transport. The main challenge is to make such a project viable, despite the small sizes of the Finnish and Estonian population. A first preliminary study encouraged the ministers of transport to commit themselves together with mayors and governors to continue studying the feasibility of the fixed link.

At the event the participants included planners, transport experts, cargo specialists, engineers and geologists to discuss the impact of bringing the twin cities closer by means of a fixed link.

Links to the presentations are below. There is also a link to a very interesting video “From Helsinki to Malta”

14 April 2016, Antonia Cornaro (ITACUS Vice Chair, Switzerland)
21 April 2016 Ilkka Vähäaho (Head of Geotechnical Division, Real Estate Department, City of Helsinki)

Tuesday, 5 April 2016, Tallinn

Radisson Blu Sky Hotel

Helsinki-Tallinn tunnel idea is today more real than before the pre-feasibility study by Sweco consulting company a year ago. The study encouraged the ministers of transport to commit themselves together with mayors and governors to continue studying feasibility of the fixed link. The main reason why this idea is topical, is because growth of mobility has been so strong. Today this passenger ferry line is the number one in Europe. Geology and geological information play a big role in the feasibility study in FinEst_Link project.

Kaarel Kose, Adviser, Harju County Government, Estonia

Fixed Link Tallinn-Helsinki – What are we fixing

Ulla Tapaninen, Special Expert, City of Helsinki, represented by Olli Keinänen, Chief Advisor, Helsinki-Uusimaa Regional Council, Finland
Fixed Link Tallinn-Helsinki – Realistic or day dreaming?

Felix Amberg, ITA-AITES treasurer and member of the ExCo of ITA-AITES and President of the Amberg Group, Switzerland
Main challenges and lessons learned from long and deep base tunnels

Yvette Koerber, CEO of Loglay, Switzerland
Innovative Logistics Infrastructure Design

ITA-AITES presentation for potential Estonian organisations and individuals
ITA-AITES, the leading international organisation promoting the use of tunnels and underground space through knowledge sharing and application of technology to encourage the use of the subsurface for the benefit of public, environment and sustainable development.

Presently ITA-AITES gathers 73 Member Nations, for example all Scandinavian and Baltic Sea countries except Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

www.ita-aites.org/en/members/member-nations

Felix Amberg, ITA-AITES treasurer and member of the ExCo of ITA-AITES and President of the Amberg Group, Switzerland

What is ITA

Wednesday, 6 April 2016, Tallinn

Eesti Geoloogiakeskus OÜ (Geological Survey of Estonia)

Twin-city geological investigations during the sailing period 2016 and later
Sten Suuroja, Director of Department of Geophysics, Geological Survey of Estonia

Vision about Tallinn-Helsinki Tunnel is booming (Unistus Tallinna-Helsingi tunnelist elab edasi)

From Helsinki to Malta

Brenner Base Tunnel from Austrian Innsbruck to Italian Fortezza village. The Brenner Base Tunnel in 5 minutes: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fsbVQFREyvg  

More info about Brenner Base Tunnel: http://www.bbt-se.com/en/home/



TALSINKIFIX

Project TALSINKIFIX: Helsinki-Tallinn fixed link pre-feasibility study

Final report of the TALSINKIFIX project was presented on Wednesday February 11th 2015 in Helsinki. TALSINKIFIX project partners are Harju County Government, City of Helsinki, City of Tallinn and Femern belt Development fund. Project is part financed by EUSBSR Seed Money Facility.

Helsinki-Tallinn fixed link pre-feasibility study was compiled by consultants representing international company Sweco group: Sweco Project AS, Vealeidja OÜ and Finantsakadeemia OÜ.

Project TALSINKIFIX has aimed to evaluate feasibility and viability of the Helsinki-Tallinn fixed link, the rail tunnel to connect Finland and Estonia. The aim of the project has been to answer is it justified to carry out a full scale feasibility study and to start technical planning of this mega project. This pre-feasibility study is part-financed by the EUBSR Seed Money Facility. Possible future tunnel project will complete the development of a transport corridor along one of the Trans-European Transport Networks (TEN-T) core network corridors in the Baltic Sea Region. The project has aimed to investigate the economic and social development potential of Helsinki-Tallinn fixed link. TALSINKIFIX has looked at socio-economic benefits and challenges related to the construction of a fixed link, as well as outlined how to integrate the fixed link to existing transport networks in both countries.

http://harju.maavalitsus.ee/talsinkifix 


Helsinki-Tallinn Rail Tunnel

The next step is a competition for a pre-feasibility study of Helsinki-Tallinn fixed link arranged by North Estonian Harju County Government, City of Helsinki and City of Tallinn.

The pre-feasibility study is titled Talsinkifix, and the competitive tenders are invited by the Harju County government. The request for tenders was announced at a meeting in Tallinn on 3 April 2014.

http://onebsr.eu/2014/04/09/helsinki-tallinn-transport-link/


Planning work is to start for a railway tunnel beneath the Gulf of Finland linking Helsinki and the Estonian capital Tallinn. The mayors of Helsinki and Tallinn, Jussi Pajunen and Edgar Savisaar signed a letter of intent on a rail tunnel project on Friday, 28 March 2008. The two agreed that in May both cities will apply for EU funding for preliminary studies of the scheme. Costs of an initial study are estimated at 500,000 to 800,000 euros. Each city itself will provide 100,000 euros. A working group made up of deputy mayors and specialists is being established that will hold its first meeting in Helsinki at the start of April. Pajunen: Depends on EU funding Helsinki's Mayor Jussi Pajunen was not ready on Friday to speculate on a timetable for a rail tunnel construction project. However, he did tell YLE that in such cases initial studies usually take about a year to complete. He said that he expects that a report will be finished no later than at the end of next year. Pajunen added that a lot depends on how the EU responds to the application for funding.

http://www.yle.fi/news/left/id86525.html

YLE, BNS
Published 28.03.2008, 17.54



From fantasy to vision: towards planning of Helsinki-Tallinn railway tunnel
Author: Olli Keinänen
City of Helsinki, International Relations, Finland

Strait_crossings_2009_Keinanen_From_fantasy_to_vision.pdf (49 kB)

22 June 2009


Geotechnical Division of the City of Helsinki Real Estate Department has prepared a short Feasibility Study for the HELSINKI–TALLINN RAILWAY TUNNEL (Ref. No GEO 6734 /5 May 2008)

HT-tunnel.pdf (29 kB)

City of Helsinki - Geotechnics



SOIL‐AND BEDROCK CONSTRUCTION CONDITIONS COMPILATION OF A GEOLOGICAL DATABASE FORTHE POSSIBLE TALLINN‐HELSINKI TUNNEL AREA (in Estonian EEZ)

The report ordered by the City of Helsinki and compiled by EGK (Geological Survey of Estonia – Eesti Geoloogiakeskus OÜ), November, 2012


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1.7.2008
Opportunities for Cooperation between Estonia and Finland 2008
ISBN 978-952-5631-72-2, ISSN 0783-1609

Publication (77 pages) en.pdf (295 kB)

Abstract
The administrators appointed by the Estonian and Finnish Prime Ministers have sought new ideas on how Estonia and Finland could meet the challenges presented by globalisation while taking account of the EU’s Lisbon Strategy objectives. The report issues 55 recommendations and presents the relevant background analyses. The report focuses on areas relating to education, research, technology and innovation. Other areas discussed include energy, the Gulf of Finland, transportation, internal security, defence, information society, labour, social welfare and health care, tourism, culture, film and radio and television broadcasting. The report also outlines a vision of the Estonian-Finnish relations in 2030.

©Prime Minister's Office, Finland

_____________________________________________________________________

6th Symposium on Strait Crossings SC-2013, Bergen, Norway 16-19 June 2013



SOIL ANDBEDROCK CONDITIONS TO BE EXPECTED IN TALLINN – HELSINKI TUNNEL CONSTRUCTION
Ikävalko O., Geological Survey of Finland, Vähäaho I., Geotechnical Division, Real Estate Department, City of Helsinki, Suuroja S., Geological Survey of Estonia


EUROPE’SNORTHERN DIMENSION FROM A TRANSPORTATION PERSPECTIVE
Anttikoski U., Baltirail Association, Finland


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SAFETY IN LONG SUBSEA RAIL TUNNELS
Safety_in_Long_Subsea_Tunnels_TS2010.pdf (2.99 MB)

Timo Salmensaari 2010

This publication is based on Master’s Thesis of Timo Salmensaari 2010. Thesis was
written for Aalto University and supervised by Professor of Engineering Geology Jussi
Leveinen. Instructor for the project was Ilkka Vähäaho from Geotechnical Department of
City of Helsinki. Project was supported by cities of Helsinki and Tallinn. Author wishes
to thank all the people involved in project.
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TALSINKI ISLAND

A 21st CENTURY PRAGMATIC UTOPIA

MARTTI KALLIALA

MASTER’S THESIS IN ARCHITECTURE

HELSINKI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY

SUPERVISOR: PROF. TREVOR HARRIS 2008

download:
www.sendspace.com/file/6dgyj0

Print version:
www.sokkeli.fi/
Page B5, no marginal

___________________________________________________________________

Fixed transport connections across the Baltic from Finland to Sweden and Estonia

This assessment particularly concerns rock tunnels and the construction of the foundations of surface connections. Land use and transport plans have not been discussed. This assessment is expected to generate interest in fixed transport connections across the sea and in the research and development of offshore technology in the northern part of the Baltic, in the bedrock of the Fennoscandian Shield.

Usko Anttikoski
M. Sc. (Eng.), geotechnics expert, retired
us.anttikoski@kolumbus.fi

Kirjoitus Geofoor-lehteen täydennettynä_ENG _1_.pdf (304 kB)

Memo 14 September 2007 
Fixed transport connections across the Baltic from Finland to Sweden and Estonia 
 

Finland’s tunnel proposals have also been explained at the industry’s meetings and conferences, including World Tunnel Congress – Oslo “Challenges for the 21st Century” (29 May – 3 June 1999) by Mr. Usko Anttikoski and Mr. Ago Vilo (BALTLIN_1999.pdf (356 kB)). In addition to the railway tunnel across the Gulf of Finland, the essay presents an evaluation of the Kvarken railway tunnel.


The European Northern Dimension of the Geotechnical Point of View 
Usko Anttikoski M.Sc. geotechnical expert / Memo 01/10/2012 
Summary
The paper describes the Nordic train corridors from the Arctic to the Mediterranean Sea. Especially the Finnish fixed rail connections across the Baltic Sea are subject to evaluation.
 Subsea long railway tunnels and rail ferries can solve Finland's access to the European rail traffic. Under the northern Baltic Sea is the firm bedrock, which offers new possibilities for connections to open. The easiest and safest access is probably the Quark area, which could be the subject of the first experimental building.

Euroopan pohjoinen ulottuvuus geotekniikan kannalta (englanti).pdf

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Helsinki to Tallinn Tunnel / Wikipedia

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